Where This Meets That
Is there anything in the natural universe that is cooler to try to wrap your mind around than black holes?
I’ve pondered them for a long time, since I was a kid, and I’ve done a good bit of study on them. So, even though I’m no physicist (I had to take Algebra I twice and only took “Conceptual – ahem, ‘mathless’ – Physics” as a course), I have a decent “conceptual” grasp of some of the theories behind them.
Here I take a stab at my own concept of the physical universe, its nature and its origins, in which black holes play a major role.
Singularities and “Non-Space”
The generally accepted theory of black holes is that their center, or “singularity”, is so infinitely dense that it punctures the very fabric of space-time. What happens at that point is wild speculation but something I’ve been ruminating on over the past couple years.
So, space-time breaks down at the singularity, leading whatever falls into it into what I’ll call “Non-space” (i.e., no place and, therefore, no time). Thinking logically and logically alone – although the quantum universe defies logic – it seems there can only be one such “place”; such a “place” must be one that is outside all space and time.
Modern theoretical physics state that “all space and time” is not limited to our universe. Quantum cosmologists, for instance, believe we should treat the universe as a quantum object (i.e., like an electron). According to a quantum “loophole” called the uncertainty principle (and I absolutely LOVE the nuance behind this principle), we can never know the precise energy state of an electron, so we treat it as though it exists in several states at the same time. Through this prism, they say, we should treat the universe as existing in many states simultaneously (i.e., “multiverses”).
Technically, I assume this also allows for multiple “non-spaces”. Not so with my proposal, which defines Non-space as one that is outside all space and time, regardless of how many “multiverses” there might be.
Many theoretical physicists subscribe to the notion of Einstein-Rosen bridges (i.e., “wormholes”) that could connect two different points in either the same or different universes. Black holes are closely related to and, in fact, integrated into most wormhole theories, but whereas black holes are known to exist, wormholes remain purely hypothetical.
For this post, therefore, I want to focus on the infinite breakdown of space and time that occurs at the singularity of a black hole.
My proposal is quite simple: black holes are huge, cosmic recyclers.
They are theorized to result from a star’s death. When a star exhausts its nuclear fuel, all remaining “spent” matter collapses in on itself. When this leftover matter retains a certain amount of mass, the resulting gravity becomes infinite so that, within a certain proximity (called the “event horizon”), not even light can escape.
Space-time ceases to exist. By the logic I presented earlier, the cessation of space results in singular Non-space.
Non-space “exists” outside of Creation in a single, eternal moment. It is important here to recognize eternity not as “all time” but as “no time”.
In the Beginning . . .
Professor and author Michio Kaku explains the quantum cosmology perspective: “. . . in the beginning was Nothing. No space. No time. No matter or energy. But there was the quantum principle, which states that there must be uncertainty, so even Nothing became unstable, and tiny particles of Something began to form.” (Visions, p. 352)
Suppose that same Nothing still “exists” today and is accessed through black holes. This would mean that black holes are all effectively wormholes to Non-space.
Calculations show that wormholes – if they exist – are fundamentally unstable in their natural state. In Kaku’s words, at the time of the Big Bang, “Nothing became unstable, and tiny particles of Something began to form.” We tend to believe that the “Something” occurred very rapidly, but we really have no absolute baseline by which to gauge.
Consider this: we believe we can see roughly 13-billion years into the universe’s past with our current telescopes, while we only estimate the universe’s age to be roughly 13.7-billion years old. Is it, therefore, possible that we can develop a telescope to show us the Big Bang itself?
No. But not for the reasons you think.
Though commonly misunderstood as such, the Big Bang was not some distant event. It didn’t occur here or there; it happened everywhere! The Big Bang was everything material! Our entire universe bursting forth in an instant, far beyond even the speed of light!
Interestingly, even as Einstein’s theory of relativity defines the speed of light as the fastest possible speed in the universe, the Big Bang outran it with a “perimeter” that expanded faster than its components. Thus, the universe at large is outside the laws by which it seems to operate. In that way, it certainly does possess quantum traits as asserted by quantum cosmologists.
As such, it is as reasonable as any to propose a model of the universe by which black holes are organs to recycle matter.
A New Spin on the “Steady State”
The Steady State theory of the universe said that matter is continually created to populate an ever-growing, immortal universe. Theories of a mortal universe have prevailed, of late, arguing that the universe will eventually either expand until it fizzles out in a “Big Freeze” or reverse its course and shrink back in a “Big Crunch”.
I suggest that, as the more massive bodies in the universe “burn out”, their matter falls into Non-space to fuel the Big Bang.
“Impossible,” you say? “The Big Bang already happened!”
Perhaps, in a sense, the Big Bang is happening as you read this. In a universe of polarities – hot and cold, plus and minus, heaven and hell – suppose Non-space is the “Never” that complements Creation’s “Now”.
In a Nutshell (or an Event Horizon!) . . .
So, where does this “Cosmic Recycler theory” lead us?
My above proposal suggests that Non-space and Creation are entwined in a single, eternal, duopolistic moment of “Never” and “Now”, bridged only by black holes and the Big Bang.
This allows a surprisingly simple working model of everything, namely:
1) Non-space ruptures and spills forth matter in the Big Bang.
2) Matter coalesces into cosmic bodies.
3) Cosmic bodies die, and those massive enough to do so collapse into singularities that puncture space-time, effectively creating wormholes that return the bodies’ matter and all that surrounds it into Non-space.